21st Century Skills – Technology Literacy

It is essential that students have a deep understanding of technology literacy concepts in order to deal with technology’s challenges and implications. It is also essential that educators partner with “…digital natives”…, teaching ways to mediate the challenges, and to realize the potential of technology literacy. (Palfrey and Gasser, 2008)

Grade 3-5
Essential Concepts and/or Skills
Use technology resources to create original products, identify patterns and problems, make predictions, and propose solutions

  • Demonstrate creative thinking to generate new ideas and products using a variety of technology tools and resources.
  • Create and share new ideas, products, and processes related to curriculum content.
  • Work individually and collaboratively to create, display, publish, or perform media-rich products.
  • Use models and simulations to identify problems and propose solutions.
  • Use technology resources to gather and depict data, recognize trends, and project outcomes.

Use interactive technologies in a collaborative group to produce digital presentations or products in a curricular area

  • Use a variety of technology tools to work collaboratively with others inside and outside the classroom.
  • Use telecommunication tools efficiently to communicate information and ideas to multiple audiences.
  • Access remote information using technology.
  • Engage in learning activities with learners from other countries and/or cultures
  • Appropriately contribute to project teams to produce original works or solve problems using technology.

Utilize digital tools and resources to investigate real-world issues, answer questions, or solve problems

  • Create a plan or process that utilizes digital tools and resources to investigate and answer issues, questions, or problems.
  • Locate, organize, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media.
  • Access information for specific purposes, and assess the validity of the information source.
  • Identify, select, and organize data. Discuss and describe the results.

Use technological resources to develop and refine questions for investigation

  • Choosing from a variety of real-world issues and/or problems, use technological resources to develop and refine questions for investigation.
  • Use technological resources to conduct research and complete a project.
  • Identify trends or solutions or assist students in making decisions.
  • Identify and explore diverse perspectives and processes to find multiple solutions to problems.

Understand and practice appropriate, legal, and safe uses of technology for lifelong learning

  • Demonstrate awareness of the dangers of sharing personal information with others.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of what electronic theft and plagiarism are and why they are harmful.
  • Identify the positive values of using technology to accomplish tasks.
  • Use technology to explore and pursue personal interests.
  • Show others how to use new technologies, and use technology in a way that assists, rather than prevents, others from learning.

Understand technology hardware and software system operations and their application

  • Use everyday technology processes, hardware, and software
  • Select the most efficient and appropriate technology tool for a specific task.
  • Begin to identify the source of a problem with technology, and, if necessary, identify the appropriate support personnel.
  • Apply prior knowledge of technologies to new technologies.

Grade 6-8
Essential Concepts and/or Skills
Demonstrate creative thinking in the design and development of innovative technology products and problem solving

  • Design, develop, create, and/or test digital technology products.
  • Individually or collaboratively create media-rich products and display, publish, or perform them for a variety of audiences.
  • Use simulations to help understand complex, real-world systems, identify problems, develop models, and analyze the output.
  • Investigate global issues and make informed choices based on knowledge of technology systems, resources, and services.

Collaborate with peers, experts, and others using interactive technology

  • Interact and collaborate with peers, experts, and others using technology.
  • Contribute to a content knowledge base by creating, producing, and sharing information, models, and other creative works.
  • Efficiently use technology tools and resources for communication and to access remote information and exchange it with a variety of audiences.
  • Engage in learning activities with learners from other countries and/or cultures using telecommunication tools to create, produce, and share information, models, and other projects with a global or cultural focus.
  • Share knowledge and skills with local or distant teams of peers, experts, or others using technology tools and resources to create group works and/or innovative solutions.

Plan strategies utilizing digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information

  • Create a plan for the use of digital tools and resources to investigate a real-world issue.
  • Locate, organize, analyze, evaluate, and synthesize information from a variety of sources and media and use this information in a legal and ethical manner.
  • Evaluate resources in terms of their usefulness and validity for research.
  • Use technological tools to select data and organize it into a format that is easily understood by others.

Use critical thinking skills to conduct research, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate technological tools and resources

  • Identify real-world issues and analyze technological resources for developing and refining questions for investigation.
  • Effectively use multiple technological resources to develop a systematic plan for conducting research. Develop possible solutions or a complete product to demonstrate knowledge and skills.
  • Use technology to gather, analyze, and assess data and its effectiveness to design, develop and test possible solutions that assist students in making decisions.
  • Analyze and evaluate information from a variety of perspectives and resources in order to assess multiple solutions and investigate them from differing viewpoints.

Understand the legal and ethical issues of technology as related to individuals, cultures, and societies

  • Use technology efficiently and in a manner that does not harm them or others.
  • Demonstrate awareness of legal and ethical responsibilities when using copyrighted material, and how a disregard of legal and ethical responsibilities affects others.
  • Use online resources to work with others to complete a task and accept responsibility for the results.
  • Identify capabilities of contemporary technology resources.
  • Develop examples of how technology systems and services can assist them in pursuing personal interests.

Understand the underlying structure and application of technology systems

  • Utilize technology for everyday use and understand how technology systems can be applied to various situations.
  • Select and use technology applications to conduct research, solve problems and produce finished products.
  • Identify the source of a problem with technology, and, if necessary, the appropriate support personnel needed.
  • Apply knowledge of technology to explore other technologies and be able to identify commonalities among them.